Dark Matter Denied

sphinx looking at a missing piece of a jigsaw puzzle superimposed over the heavens

Epistle 11. Posted on 2019-03-26.

When physicists could not explain a large discrepancy between actual and predicted mass and gravity, they invented dark matter. I conjecture that the equation may be correct, but that only the mass from the present moment was included, which ignores the concept of spacetime. Consequently, dark matter does not exist.

The concept of spacetime entails that space and time are nonseparable, and that both space and time have extension, jointly. It is easy to consider space as having extension. Simply hold out your arms and regard the distance from one hand to the other as extension in space. Extension in time, however, gives people more difficulty, because we can only ever perceive one moment at a time.

In Stoic physics, Chrysippus of Soli (c.279 BC – c.206 BC) regarded the common conception of the present moment to be flawed, because people usually consider the present moment to be a short duration of time. However, if you ask someone how long is the present moment, no matter what unit of time they give — say, one nanosecond, whatever that is — the beginning of that nanosecond would seem to be in the past and the end of that nanosecond would seem to be in the future of that beginning. How long is the interval of the present moment? The correct answer must be that it is infinitely short. Since it is infinitely short, it has no extension in time, and therefore the present moment does not exist as such. Anything without extension in space or time does not literally exist. A circle has only two dimensions and is an abstract representation that we conceive, but in nature there are no two-dimensional bodies, only three-dimensional ones. Consequently, all of time exists, both the past and the future, but an infinitely short present moment — which lacks extension — cannot exist. Our brains are simply not wired to perceive extension in time, our senses function only moment by moment, and so does our recollection of memories. Since most people do not think this way about time, it should be obvious that humans — including physicists, apparently — have great difficulty with the concept of extension in time.

Let us return to physics. If you consider the movement of the planet Jupiter, it is falling in spacetime toward the sun. But which sun: the sun in the present moment, or the sun in the future? The answer is, as I understand it, that if you only take into account the mass of the sun and other bodies in the present moment, the predicted movement will have error, because Jupiter does not move with respect only to the sun in the present moment, but also with respect to where the sun is going to be, since everything including the sun is in motion.

At first, when you consider this, it seems spooky, as if there is a cosmic intelligence at play. But in reality, as I understand it, mass in the past, present, and future all affect each other: gravity increases as the distance between two bodies decreases in spacetime — not just in space. Jupiter is not spookily anticipating where the sun will be, but simply responding to what will be, as well as what already is.

I would think it would be obvious, then, that the reason the equations that regard the mass of the cosmos seem to have so much missing mass is because past and future mass is not taken into account. I am not a physicist, and so this is my conjecture, but I have had difficulty finding this perspective on the Internet, and so I claim it publicly as my own.

If I am right, then I further conjecture that the cosmos will not expand forever, and that the cosmic crunch is more likely; this is more in line with the philosophy of time called eternalism. If I have misunderstood anything in physics, please contact me and I will correct it immediately. If not, I hope to see dark matter denied.

Vale (pronounced WAH-lay is Latin for “Farewell”),

Ron Hall

Ron Hall



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