Dilemma

Life is not a spectacle or a feast; it is a predicament.

Painting by John Everett Millais entitled Yes or No?

Epistle 16. Posted on 2019-04-16.

A dilemma is a problem that consists of two choice alternatives, and neither alternative is clearly preferable. This article explores the dilemma in the context of philosophical counseling. Common examples include

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Existential Crisis

man facing away, toward the ocean

Epistle 15. Posted on 2019-04-04. Edited on 2019-04-25.

An existential crisis is the experience of a conflict between an evaluation of one’s personal nature and a desire for a different personal nature, where both involve meaning and purpose. For example, torpid Tom evaluates his life as meaningless, and he desires meaning. Empty Emma experiences the emptiness of a life without purpose, but desires to feel fulfilled.

The representation of an existential crisis is a conjunction of three judgments:

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Meaning

How to Find It in Philosophical Counseling

abstract expressionist painting

Epistle 14. Posted on 2019-04-02.

When you consider the meaning of it all, the meaning of life, the meaning of your life, the meaning of someone else to you, and other important topics of meaning, the answers you come up with may have profound impacts. This article presents an interpretation of meaning in the context of philosophical counseling. Meaning is defined here as follows:

The meaning of something or some event in our experience is the list of all concepts that are necessarily applicable to it.

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Purpose

Together, Finding Your Purpose Is Our Purpose

a person shines a flashlight into the night sky

Epistle 13. Posted on 2019-03-31.

Having a clear sense of purpose is one of the best benefits of living. Anyone with a clear sense of purpose is a stranger to persistent boredom, burnout, emptiness, confusion, and lack of direction and motivation. Instead, the purposeful know where they are going, and why. More directly, those enlightened few know how to evaluate every thought with respect to each purpose, and how to get the most out of life. If you lack purpose and know you are otherwise missing something but don’t know what it is, this article is for you.

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Anxiety

Anxious to End Anxiety?

anxiety personified in a painting by James Sant (1820-1916) entitled Courage, Anxiety and Despair: Watching the Battle (c.1850)

Epistle 12. Posted on 2019-03-29. Edited on 2019-04-01.

Anxiety is often described as an emotion and characterized as the experience of distress with respect to something uncertain, usually in the future. Although emotion may certainly accompany anxiety, the root of the problem is a pattern of reasoning, of judgment. I will demonstrate what anxiety is, and discuss briefly what must be done to overcome it.

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Dark Matter Denied

sphinx looking at a missing piece of a jigsaw puzzle superimposed over the heavens

Epistle 11. Posted on 2019-03-26.

When physicists could not explain a large discrepancy between actual and predicted mass and gravity, they invented dark matter. I conjecture that the equation may be correct, but that only the mass from the present moment was included, which ignores the concept of spacetime. Consequently, dark matter does not exist.

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Introspection

Sit Down and Get to Know Yourself

the green eye of a woman

Epistle 10. Posted on 2019-03-23. Edited on 2019-03-26.

Socrates felt strongly enough about the pursuit of wisdom through questioning and logical argument that he reportedly said the unexamined life is not worth living. Before Socrates, Know thyself was inscribed on the forecourt of the Temple of Apollo at Delphi. This article introduces the topic of introspection as performed in philosophical counseling at Stoic Therapy.

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According to Nature

backpacker atop a hill

Epistle 9. Posted on 2019-03-19.

The most commonly cited Stoic motto is to live according to nature. This article explains my logic-based interpretation of the meaning of this goal of life.

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Case Study in Grief

A painting by Jan Matejko entitled Stanczyk, displaying a solemn jester

Epistle 8. Posted on 2019-03-13.

The following case study in grief is reported here in the form of a dialogue. This is a summary rather than a transcription of our conversations. All identifying information has been changed to protect privacy.

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Stoicism Is a Logical Philosophy

One hand grasps a fist, which is a symbol of katalepsis, of a graspable impression

Epistle 7. Posted on 2019-03-10. Edited on 2019-04-23.

Modern scholars misinterpret Stoicism as a moral philosophy, as predominantly about its ethics, virtue, or passions. This article challenges that scholarship, proposing that, instead, Stoicism is a logical philosophy.

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